About the authors

Déborah Guidez holds a Master in « Conflict Studies » from the UCO, a French university located in Angers. Against this background, she performed a traineeship at the Royal Higher Institute for Defence (RHID) in Brussels, Belgium, as a research fellow within the Africa department. She has therefore produced a study analysing African borders’ viability regarding the numerous identity claims spreading across the continent. During 2014, she also achieved another traineeship in Burkina Faso. She joined there a local association named ATAD and was involved in the citizen monitoring and assessment of national public policies. In relation with her studies, she has realised a dissertation on affirmative action policies in the post-apartheid South Africa. Her interests revolve around these topics: African security and defence policies, continental and subregional mechanisms for peace but also conflict management tools such as early warning systems, peacebuilding, DDR programs and security sector reforms.

Lou Vignane-Gonzalez holds a Master in « Conflict Studies » from the UCO (West Catholic University, Angers, France). In this context he achieved in 2015 an internship at the ECDPM (“European Center for Development Policy Management”, Maastricht) as a research assistant. The project was about monitoring the APSA operationalization (“African Peace and Security Architecture”). In 2014 he had the opportunity to work with the association ATAD (Kaya, Burkina Faso), in the field of citizen monitoring of public policies and good governance. He also produced a research paper examining the dynamics favoring “identity conflicts”, based on the case of Rwanda before the genocide of Tutsi. His interests are mainly facing the African continent and are part of the following themes: identity conflicts, continental mechanisms for the promotion of peace (such APSA) and the instruments of crisis management (early warning systems, mediation, “peacebuilding”, DDR programs) associated with it, post-conflict development, public policy analysis.

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